In an era where social injustice,  climate change and environmental degradation are at an all-time high, mass tourism is taking a toll on the planet and its local communities. But by travel sustainably, tourism can be used as a catalyst for positive change. 

Whether you’re a globetrotter who’s been to 50 countries or someone who looks forward to each spring break in Cancun, we all need to better address our own impact and footprint. (Don’t forget to pin it below!)

The basics of how to travel sustainably

Now, first it’s important to understand that it’s not so much the fact that people are traveling as it is how people travel. Call it what you will– eco-travel, green-travel, responsible-travel—the objective is to be more mindful of our impact. Though this is an extensive topic to cover, I’ve broken down the basics to help average individuals make their travels more sustainable.

1. Use transportation wisely

We traveled a lot by train during our time in Switzerland. PC: KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA

Unless you’re walking or biking to your destination, your transportation is polluting the atmosphere to some extent. Planes, cars, and boats are all significant sources of carbon emissions, where one transatlantic round-trip plane ride equates to an entire year’s worth of driving. However, taking a road-trip is not necessarily better for the environment. With Europe as the world’s number 1 tourist destination, surprisingly cars have the largest impact on air quality.

There are several ways you can get to your destination without completely compromises the environment. Here are a few tips:

2. Boycott single-use plastic

Opt for food at a local farmers market and bring your own bag. English Market, Cork Ireland

When you’re catching that connecting flight, you just need something quick: water, juice, coffee, or a fruit cup. Whatever it is, chances are that on-the-go container is made of plastic.

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Many travelers continue to reach for the plastic water bottle in airports and on vacation (though bottled water is not cleaner than most tap water). There are 2.7 million tons of water bottles used annually, and the worst part is, 85 percent of plastic is not recycled.

There are many sustainable products you can purchase ahead of time to avoid less plastic. Here are ways you can minimize your plastic consumption on the go:

  • Bring your own water bottle while traveling (TSA will let you bring it through if it is empty).
  • Take time to recycle. Even if you have to collect it and find a drop-off!
  • Avoid ready-made food on-the-go. Bring/make your own food or eat at a restaurant.

3. Put your money into the local economy

Visiting a local winery in Ston, Croatia

Travel and tourism take up 9.8 percent of global GDP, generating $7.2 trillion. Indeed many communities thrive off of tourism. However, tourism leakage occurs when profits end up leaving communities after outsourced expenditures. This is common with most of the all-inclusive travel packages.

For example, UNEP reports that 70 percent of all money spent by tourists in Thailand ends up leaving the country. Most likely that tacky shot-glass that says, “I love Bangkok” also has some fine print that says “Made in China”.

The best thing you can do to mitigate tourism leakage is to shop local. By doing this, you’re investing in cultural and environmental preservation. Here are some tips:

  • Purchase authentic souvenirs made in the country you’re visiting.
  • Buy food at local farmers’ markets.
  • Stop going to Starbucks and McDonalds! Find the mom-and-pop restaurants that serve local food.
  • Look for housing accommodations owned by locals (I like or
  • Look for tours hosted by local companies, if possible.

4. Respect wildlife and support conservation efforts

The legendary Plitvice Lakes in Croatia, which are at risk due to tourists not staying on the designated paths.

The influx of tourists can sadly end up destroying the environment and community. Defined by UNEP, “negative impacts from tourism occur when the level of visitor use is greater than the environment’s ability to cope with this use within the acceptable limits of change.” Several global landmarks are slowly eroding because of this. For, example, Plitvice Lakes in Croatia featured above are at risk of losing their world heritage status after tourists strayed off path for “stupid selfies”.

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Here are some tips to strengthen conservation efforts:

  • Visit nationally protected parks, and do so responsibly.
  • Check out any eco or nature tours at your destination.
  • Most of all, have common sense and respect when visiting landmarks, and don’t be an idiot.

5. Be mindful of ethical interactions 

My boyfriend, Domeniko, keeping his distance while a wild dolphin came up to see hello in Ireland!

Traveling sustainably requires interaction with local people and animals with the utmost respect. This means that simply having good intentions is not enough.

Starting with the latter, unethical animal interactions happen when the creatures are exploited or taken out of their natural habitat (think many zoos!). For example, riding elephants and even horses often leads to exhaustion and even death. Riding with dolphins can damage their fins, including keeping them in captivity. AND the Instagram popular place of Exumas, Bahamas where you can swim and feed pigs, is quickly becoming problematic as the pigs are overfeed food outside of their normal diet (more on both of these here).

In short, when interacting with animals make sure to: 

Attending a Croatian friend’s wedding in Dubrovnik. Photo is authentic and obviously not staged.

Last but not least, ethical interactions with local culture is probably one of the most important aspects of sustainable travel, yet one that often gets overlooked. The reason being that there is a thin line between an authentic cultural exchange and cultural exploitation. Tours that treat local people and their customs like a human zoo are simply degrading. Depending on the circumstances, this may also may mean thinking twice about taking (or paying) to take a selfie with a local, especially if they seem noticeably uncomfortable. The last thing you want to do is come across as using locals as props in your photo without explaining anything about their local culture,  which can go into cultural appropriation territory real quick.

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In summary, make sure to: 

Does sustainable travel require more effort? Of course. But that should be the price we pay for experiencing new places. Not only are intergovernmental organizations addressing sustainable travel, nonprofits and bloggers are dedicating themselves to the topic as well.

So who’s with me? Let’s use travel to sustain the world, not destroy it.

Are you passionate about sustainability and travel? Do you have any hacks you could share with the rest of us?

24 thoughts on “5 Practical Tips to Travel Sustainably”

  1. Great tips! All this actually doesn’t require more money to spend – it is more the matter of will in individuals. One more suggestion -people can actually save money with buying plastic bottles that has filter on the top. You can fill the bottle with tap water that you can get anywhere,and in long term actually save a lot of money 🙂

  2. Yes, it’s more about the effort than the money! And water bottles with filters are a great suggestion. Thanks for reading stranger! 🙂

  3. Loved your post. I’m trying to be more conscious in my decisions when traveling, so lately I’ve been choosing more eco hotels, and cut down on using plastic containers.

    1. Thank you Cristina! That’s awesome that you are trying to be more conscious, and it looks like you’re stepping in the right direction!

  4. Global Locavore

    Great beginners guide to sustainable travel! I’d love to read more posts about sustainable travel. I’m always interested in learning about accommodation options that are truly environmentally friendly and not just advertised that way!

    1. Awesome suggestion! I will keep this in mind when I am traveling and look about some eco-friendly accommodations to blog about!

  5. Amandas_Wanderlust

    A really handy introduction to sustainable travel. It is so important to invest in the communities you visit. But we must also think about the carbon impact of our travels as you have rightly noted. I will share this as I focus on responsible and sustainable travel on my blog too.

    1. Thank you Amanda! I’m glad you’re also thinking about how we need to invest in the communities we visit and address our carbon footprint. Glad to connect, and send any sustainable travel pieces my way! 🙂

  6. This is great–so many things we could easily prevent or change with just a tiny bit of forethought, a little extra care. Thanks for posting; I’ll definitely be sharing!

  7. A lot of food for thought here. I have seen a lot of tourists ignoring signs asking them to stay on paths, too. I always go on a trip with the mindset that I am a guest and I want to behave in a way that has people wanting me to revisit their country!

    We have been carrying empty reusable water bottles with us and only buying bottled water if we are told the local water is unsafe to drink. The idea of getting a bottle with a filter top is a great one.

    Also, taking public transportation is a great way to meet local people and to get insider tips on the best local restaurants and things to do. So, you are lowering air pollution and making your trip more enjoyable at the same time!

  8. Heart_in_Dubrovnik

    Your story is very similar to mine about Dubrovnik. Went there for school, met a boy, did the travelling back and forth for a few years, and eventually moved to Dubrovnik. Your story about Budva, was very similar to mine and I have memories to last me a lifetime from that trip. We had limited money and he worked in the tourism industry, so must of the time I was there in the summer I explored on my own. When I traveled in the winter, he worked odd hours, so I explored the rainy city on my own.
    Sadly, I no longer live in Dubrovnik, but I have fond memories of my time there and hope one day to return. I was there before its peak in tourism, so it was a different atmosphere for me.

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  13. This post was genuinely interesting to read! I completely agree with the tips you’ve included here and am actively trying to improve the way I travel. I also can’t believe the photo you took of your boyfriend with the dolphin was taken in Ireland! Whaaaat?! 🙂

  14. One of the things I do, is ask for the sustainable option even when I already know I won’t get it in that location. For example, I ask for the drink without the plastic straw, or I ask whether the dive centre is Green Fins certified. It’s just to let them know that tourists do care, and someone did ask. I also specifically mention sustainability elements as pluses in TripAdvisor reviews, not just to appreciate the business, but so that other people reading reviews might begin to get used to these things being part of a normal review.

  15. Awesome tips, thank you for this great article! Especially the one with avoiding single-use plastic is a challenge in Thailand. They are so quick with putting everything in plastic bags and some single-use plastic fork and spoon for takeaway food that’s it sometimes difficult to say no before everything is wrapped.

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